Key Stage 3 Design and Technology at the Polesworth School

Within key stage 3 Design and Technology pupils have the opportunity to work in the following specialist areas – Food technology, Textiles and Resistant Materials.

Food Technology

In Food Technology, Pupils develop their knowledge of how to follow and maintain healthy diet and demonstrate their ability to make informed choices about healthy ingredients whilst preparing, cooking and presenting a range of sweet and savoury dishes.

They learn about the importance of food hygiene and safety and have the opportunity to demonstrate this knowledge throughout their Food Technology practical tasks.

Year 7

Let’s Get Cooking- This project offers pupils an introduction to food safety, hygiene, and equipment and food preparation techniques through producing a variety of cold and hot dishes including spicy muffins, flapjack, cookies and crumble.

Fruit and Vegetables- Pupils further develop their understanding of healthy eating by learning about the importance of 5 a day, whilst also considering where their food comes from. They develop their knowledge of seasonability and analyse their eco footprint and making sustainable food choices when going shopping.

Year 8

Know Your Food- Leading on from the work they completed in year 7, pupils continue to develop their knowledge of food safety when being introduced to the 4Cs of food hygiene and the safe use of small electrical equipment. They learn about the eat well plate, and how this can be used to ensure that they are eating a balanced diet. They also develop their understanding of the 8 guidelines recommended by the Food Standards Agency. Finally, they look at reading and understanding food labelling, and how sensory analysis is used in industry to test the quality of products.

Cakes- This project introduces pupils to batch production and the methods of cake making used in the food industry. They experiment with different types of flours to make muffins and analyse how we can reduce fat, sugar and increase fibre in our food. They also have the opportunity to carry out a nutritional analysis of a new product.

Year 9

Pastry Project- This project introduces pupils to designing, making and developing their own pastry dishes. They will learn to make different types of pastry, analyse existing pastry products and create product packaging along with nutritional labelling for their final designed and made pastry item.


Within Textiles, pupils develop their knowledge and understanding of how to use specialist tools and equipment to produce textile products including hand sewing, machine sewing, batik and applique along with ethical issues and the properties of fibres and fabrics.

Year 7

Kandinsky Wall Hanging- This project introduces pupils to embroidery, applique and embellishment when encouraging them to consider different cultures to inspire their design ideas. They make use of basic textiles materials and equipment to produce a bag inspired by the artist Kandinsky.

Scrapbies- Pupils continue to develop their textiles skills, when designing and making a scrapbie. They create their own design specification and design ideas before producing their final scrapbie. The scrapbies demonstrate their ability to pin, tack and sew using hand sewing techniques and the sewing machine. They also embellish their work using buttons, sequins and applique.

Year 8

Batik Bags- Within this project, pupils are introduced to batik as a decorative process used within textiles. They develop their knowledge and understanding of cotton- where it comes from, how it is processed and used, and learn about fair trade. They continue to demonstrate their specialist textiles skills when using fabric, lace, sequins, beads and buttons to embellish their final product.

Cushions- Pupils develop their knowledge of the 6Rs of sustainability and use ACCESSFM to produce a detailed design specification for their cushion. They demonstrate their ability to sew two seams onto the panels of their cushions and learn about each part of the sewing machine and how it is safely used and maintained. They embellish their cushions in line with their final design idea and focus on financial considerations when costing their project.

Year 9

T-shirts- Continuing to develop their skills from years 7 and 8, this project introduces pupils to the ethical issues related to textiles. They develop their understanding of clothing labels and upcycling in textiles. Pupils create their own design ideas for an upcycled t-shirt and demonstrate their practical skills when pinning, tacking and safely using the sewing machine. Pupils ready their upcycled product for an in-lesson catwalk and peer assess the work of others within their group before evaluating their own work.

Resistant Materials

In Resistant Materials, pupils have the opportunity to work with a variety of materials including Woods, Metals, Plastics and Manufactured boards to create a range of different projects using specialist tools, equipment and machinery.

Year 7

Spatula- Within this project, pupils are introduced to form, function, comfort and aesthetics. They develop their knowledge and understanding of softwoods- where they come from and why they are used, then go onto produce a final design for their spatula. They demonstrate the use of a coping saw when cutting out pine then shape their work using a spoke shave and abrasive paper. They learn about finishing techniques and demonstrate their knowledge when applying a varnish finish to their final product.

Funny Face- This metalwork project focuses on ferrous metals, and allows pupils to work with steel. Pupils create initial design ideas for their funny face, before selecting a final design to manufacture. They develop their knowledge of ferrous metals, their properties and uses before demonstrating their practical skills when using a hacksaw, filing metal, soldering permanent joints and applying a surface finish.

Super Dog- This project focuses on quality control and encourages pupils to check the quality of their practical work as they progress. Pupils are introduced to hardwoods, and look at the two categories of woods and their sources. They then learn how to accurately mark out wood, cut wood using both a coping saw and a Tenon saw and are shown how to carefully shape wood using a plane. They are introduced to the pillar drill and how to safely drill holes into wood. They develop their understanding of the wood grain and how to smooth wood using glass paper.

Year 8

Frog- Pupils continue to develop their knowledge of both hardwoods and softwoods, and are introduced to the key words deciduous and coniferous. They also develop their understanding of deforestation and sustainable forestry. They learn how to read and interpret a working drawing, before producing a template of their toy frog. They mark out and cut out their product using a Tenon saw and coping saw, then plane their work before smoothing it with glass paper. They construct and finish their frog with a surface finish of their choice (either paint or varnish) before evaluating the manufacturing and final product quality.

Chocolate Box- This project introduces pupils to working with plastics. They develop their knowledge and understanding of thermoplastics and thermosetting plastics, their properties and uses. They design their own chocolate mould and then create a template using Manufactured board (MDF). They then vacuum form their template to create the final chocolate mould. They melt their chocolate into the mould to create their final chocolate product. As a secondary element, pupils develop their Graphic design skills when designing and making packaging for their chocolate.

Candle Holder-This project allows pupils to continue developing their metalwork skills, when producing a tea light holder. Pupils learn about the different metal heat treatment processes including hardening, tempering and annealing. They further develop the soldering skills acquired in year 7, along with their knowledge of ferrous metals, their properties and uses.
Memo Holder- Pupils are given the opportunity to work with plastics within this project. They are introduced to plastic manufacturing processes including injection moulding, blow moulding and demonstrate line bending when creating their final product.

Year 9

Dog Tag- Within this project, pupils further develop their understanding of non-ferrous metals, and alloys before designing their own aluminium dog tag. They mark out their design using a scriber and cut it out using a junior hacksaw. They then use both a large flat file and half round file to shape and smooth the edges of their dog tag, before drilling and countersinking a hole for the chain. Finally, they can apply decoration to the surface using a centre punch before cleaning the aluminium with silicon carbide paper.

Waddling Duck- Within this project, pupils work continue to develop their woodworking skills when manufacturing a toy duck for young children. They further develop their ability to mark out, cut, plane and shape wood.  They develop their understanding of mechanisms, the different types of mechanisms (including levers, Cams and pulleys) and how they are used to make jobs easier to do.